- Biodiversity Agreement
- Conservation of biodiversity
- Sustainable use of biodiversity components
- Equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of biogenetic resources
In 1992, at Rio's Earth Summit, 150 bio-diversity signed biodiversity agreements were adopted, which recognized the sovereign rights of the country's biological resources, including biogenetic resources. As one of the main objectives of CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity),'Equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources' was adopted. Accordingly, in order to use genetic resources, prior consent must be obtained from the provider of genetic resources, and the method of use and the sharing of legitimate interests It is stipulated to achieve mutual agreement on conditions, etc.
In 2002, the 6th Conference of the Parties to the Biodiversity Convention adopted guidelines on ABS(Access to genetic resources and Benefit Sharing ), providing practical guidance on ABS implementation. As the 10th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted, the Nagoya Protocol on Fair and Equitable Sharing of Profits from Access to Genetic Resources and the Use of Genetic Resources, and entered into force in 2014, the national sovereignty and competitiveness of biological resources The competition between countries trying to secure and secure useful biological resources is increasing.
Our government is also a proactive response to the entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol through the '4th National Biodiversity Strategy (2019~2023)' to share and sustainably utilize biodiversity interests, to preserve and promote biodiversity, and to promote biodiversity mainstreaming. The policy direction and strategic tasks are presented, and the Nakdong River Biological Resource Center is striving to secure the sovereignty of freshwater biological resources and maximize the value of utilization, such as securing freshwater biological genetic information, exploring materials, and exploring usability.